This is one of the greatest surviving masterpieces by the Northern Song calligrapher Huang Tingjian (黃庭堅, 1045–1105). He wrote the poem in 1102 as he traveled through Wuchang and calligraphed it as a handscroll probably afterwards. In the Southern Song, the scroll passed through the collection of the prime minister Jia Sidao (賈似道, 1213–1275) and then came into the possession of Princess Xiangge Ciji (祥哥剌吉, ca. 1283–1331) in the Yuan dynasty. Before entering the Qing imperial collection, this work was viewed by such famous Ming painters and collectors as Qiu Ying (仇英) and Xiang Yuanbian (項元汴).